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Research Methodologies, Case study guideline

Ricardo R Bartelme, Anthroposophic Medicine: A Short Monograph and Narrative Review—Foundations, Essential Characteristics, Scientific Basis, Safety, Effectiveness and Misconceptions, published 29 December 2020 in Pub Med,

doi 10.1177/2164956120973634

Mehl A, Brauer D, Didwiszus A, Gelin-Kröz B, Pranga D, Zerm R, Gutenbrunner C (2020), The Anthroposophic Art Therapy Assessment Paint (AART-ASSESS-P): A peer-report instrument to assess patients’ pictorial expression during Anthroposophic Painting Therapy

Lees J (2001)  Reflexive Action Research: Developing Knowledge Through Practice: Counselling and Psychotherapy Research (2001), August 2001, Counselling and Psychotherapy Research 1(2):132-138, DOI:10.1080/14733140112331385178

Shlonsky A and Gobbs L, Will the Real Evidence-Based Practice Please Stand Up? Teaching the Process of Evidence-based Practice to the Helping Professions. Brief Treatment and Criss Intervention. Vol 4. No. 2., January 2004, Brief Treatment and Crisis Intervention 4(2):137-153, DOI:10.1093/brief-treatment/mhh011 


Kienle G S, Albonico H U, Baars E, Hamre H J, Zimmermann P, Kiene H (2013).  ( pdf, 882 KB )Anthroposophic Medicine: An Integrative Medical System Originating in Europe. ( pdf, 882 KB )  Global Advances In Health And Medicine November 2013, Volume 2, Number 6

Abbing A, Ponstein A, Kienle G, Gruber H, Baars E (2016) The CARE-AAT Guideline: Development and testing of a consensus-based guideline for case reports in anthroposophic art therapy.   International Journal of Art Therapy, DOI: 10.1080/17454832.2016.1170054

Abbing A C, Ponstein A, Kienle G, Gruber H, Baars EW (2015). Development of a case report guideline for anthroposophic art therapy. European Journal of Integrative Medicine, 7(1):29


Hamre HJ et a. (2014) Overview of the Publications From the Anthroposophic Medicine Outcomes StudyGlobal Advances in Health and Medicine 3(1):54-70, DOI: 10.7453/gahmj.2013.010

Ponstein A S, Zwart C A (2014).  Anthroposophic Healthcare ( pdf, 859 KB )  Alternative and Complementary Therapies 20(1), pg. 57-58


Baars E W, Ponstein A, Kok ET, Heybroek R, Van der Veen W, Kröz M, De Bruin A (2015). Validation of the Dutch State Version of the Autonomic Regulation (State-aR) questionnaire in a group of patients and a group of healthy persons. European Journal of Integrative Medicine, 7(1):52


Kröz M, Reif M, Pranga D, Zerm R, Schad F, Baars, EW, Girke M (2016). The questionnaire on Autonomic Regulation - a useful concept for Integrative Medicine? Journal of Integrative Medicine., 14(5), 315-321

Baars E W, Kiene H, Kienle G S, Heusser P and Hamre H J (2018). An assessment of the scientific status of anthroposophic medicine, applying criteria from the philosophy of science. Complementary Therapies in Medicine.


Baars E W (2008).   Health by self-regulation: Towards an evidence-based fundamental concept for science and practice of integrative medicine. ( pdf, 31 KB)   European Journal of Integrative Medicine: 1:34.


Baars E W, Koster E B and Verhoef J (2017). The Contribution of Anthroposophic Medicine to Self-Management: An Exploration of Concepts, Evidence, and Patient Perspectives. Complementary Medicine Research, 24.

Baars, E W and Hamre H J (2017) Whole Medical Systems versus the System of Conventional Biomedicine: A critical narrative review of similarities, differences, and factors that promote the integration process ( pdf, 1.45 MB ). Hindawi, Volume 2017, Article ID4904930, 13 pages


Baars EW, Kienle G S, Heusser P, Hamre H J (2013). Is anthroposophic medicine a scientific research field? Forschende Komplementarmedizin 8th Annual International Congress of Complementary Medicine Research, ICCMR 2013 London, 11-13 April, 2013. ABSTRACTS. 20(3):15.

Baars E W (2013).  The contribution of Anthroposophic Medicine. Science Omega Review Europe, pp. 72-73

Baars E W (2012).   From PBE to EBP: How to develop and test practice-based healthcare programs in anthroposophic healthcare?   Der Merkurstab, 2: 154-155.


Koster E B, Baars E W and Delnoij D M J (2016) Patiënt-centered outcomes on quality of life and anthroposophic healthcare: a qualitative triangulation study.  Quality of Life Research, DOI: 10.1007/s11136-016-1276-8


Koster E B, Baars E W and Delnoij D M (2020). Patient-reported quality of care in anthroposophic and integrative medicine: A scoping review. Patient education and counseling, 103(2), 276-285.

Pregnancy, Birth and Early childhood



Gollmer B (15.01.2019) Painting Therapy in Pregnancy and Preparation for Childbirth (professional information) 


Gollmer B 19.07.2019) Painting Therapy in Pregnancy and Birth Preparation (parent information)


Bissegger M (07.06.2019) Music Therapy for Premature Infants and their Mothers


Bissegger M (02.01.2020) Music Therapy for Babies and Toddlers


Bissegger M (02.01.2020) Singing and Music for Babies and Toddlers (parent information)


Child Health


Hamre HJ et al. (2009) Anthroposophic therapy for children with chronic disease: a two-year Prospective Cohort Study in Routine Outpatient Settings. BMC Pediatr 2009; 9:39. DOI 10.1186/1471-2431-9-39


Abbing A, Krantz B, Simon E, Heynen E, De Witte M and Van Hooren S (2020). Effectiveness of Music Therapy Interventions in Reducing Behavioural and Emotional Problems Among Children. PROSPERO 2020. CRD42020162709


Baars E W, Koster E B, Schoorel E P (2012).  Client experiences with an integrated conventional and anthroposophic approach at the Kindertherapeuticum in Zeist. . Der Merkurstab, 4:335-338


Niemeijer M H, Baars E W, Hoekman J, Ruijssenaars A J J M (2018)An instrument for dimensional diagnosis of a child’s constitution (ICC)). International Journal of Complementary & Alternative Medicine, Issue 2-2018. 


Niemeijer M H, Baars E W, Hoekman J, and Ruijssenaars A J J M (2018). Validity and Reliability of the Instrument for Assessing the Child’s Constitution (ICC): Individualising Processes in Diagnosing Children With a Developmental Disorder. International Journal of Studies in Nursing, 3(3), 172.  

Infectious and chronic diseases



Hamre H J. Witt C M, Glockmann A, Ziegler R (July 2007) Anthroposophic Art Therapy in Chronic Disease: A Four-Year Prospective Cohort Study  The Journal of Science and Healing 3(4):365-71, Doi: 10.1016/j.explore.2007.04.008, 

Hamre H J et al. (2004). Anthroposophic therapies in chronic disease: The Anthroposophic Medicine Outcomes Study (AMOS). European Journal of Medical Research 2004; 9:351-360 

Hamre H J et al. (2007) Anthroposophic Art Therapy in Chronic Disease: a four-year prospective cohort study. Explore (NY). 2007 Nov-Dec;3(6):553


Hamre HJ et al. (2013). Long-term Outcomes of Anthroposophic Treatment for Chronic Disease: A four-year follow-up Analysis of 1510 Patients from a Prospective Observational Study in routine outpatient settings BMC Research Notes. 2013;6(1):269. DOI:




Fear, Anxiety, Stress, Depression, Affect Regulation


Berthold M, Psychotherapy for Fear


Oldmann-Wendenburg M, Pastoral Care for Fear


Von Bonin D, Therapeutic Speech for Fear


Heckel V, Dorfmeister D, Music Therapy for Fear in Palliative Care

Brauer D, Painting Therapy for Anxiety in Palliative Care


Abbing A Cet al The effectiveness of art therapy for anxiety in adults: A systematic review of randomised and non-randomised controlled trials


Abbing A, Baars E, De Sonneville L M, Ponstein A and Swaab H (2019). The Effectiveness of Art Therapy for Anxiety in Adult Women: A Randomized Controlled Trial. Frontiers in Psychology, 10, 1203

Abbing A, Ponstein A, Van Hooren S, De Sonneville L, Swaab  and Baars E (2018). The effectiveness of art therapy for anxiety in adults: A systematic review of randomised and nonrandomised controlled trials.. PLoS ONE 13(12): e0208716. 

Abbing A C, Baars E W, Van Haastrecht O and Ponstein A S, “Acceptance of Anxiety through Art Therapy: A Case Report Exploring How Anthroposophic Art Therapy Addresses Emotion Regulation and Executive Functioning,”. Case Reports in Psychiatry, vol. 2019, Article ID 4875381, 13 pages, 2019.


Abbing A, de Sonneville L, Baars E, Bourne D, Swaab H (2019) Anxiety reduction through art therapy in women. Exploring stress regulation and executive functioning as underlying neurocognitive mechanisms. PLOS ONE 14(12): e0225200.


Gruber H, Oepen R (2017) Emotion regulation strategies and effects in art-making: A narrative synthesis, December 2017, The Arts in Psychotherapy 59, DOI:10.1016/j.aip.2017.12.006

Abbing A C et al (2019) Acceptance of Anxiety through Art Therapy: A Case Report Exploring How Anthroposophic Art Therapy Addresses Emotion Regulation and Executive Functioning


Abbing A C et al (2019) Anxiety reduction through art therapy in women. Exploring stress regulation and executive functioning as underlying neurocognitive mechanisms

Hamre H J et al. (2009) Anthroposophic therapy for anxiety disorders: a two-year prospective cohort study in routine outpatient settings. Clinical Medicine: Psychiatry 2009; 2:17 31year Prospective Cohort Study in Routine Outpatient Settings

Hamre HJ et al. (2006) Anthroposophic therapy for chronic depression: a four-year prospective cohort study. BMC Psychiatry 2006; 6:57. DOI 10.1186/1471-244X-6-57

Von Bonin D (2018) Anthroposophic Therapeutic Speech for Fear

Baars E W, Van der Hart O, Nijenhuis E R S, Chu J A, Glas G, Draijer N (2011).  Predicting Stabilizing Treatment Outcomes for Complex Posttraumatic Stres Disorder and Dissociative Identity Disorder: An Expertise-Based Prognostic Model. Journal of Trauma & Dissociation, 12(1): 67 - 87.


Cardiovascular System, Breathing


Bernardi L et al. (2001a) Effect of rosary prayer and yoga mantras on autonomic cardiovascular rhythms: comparative study. BMj, 323(7327), pp. 1446, doi: 10.1136/bmj.323.7327.1446

Bernardi L et al. (2002) Slow breathing increases arterial baroreflex sensitivity in patients with chronic heart failure. Circulation, 105(2), pp. 143-145, PMID: 11790690, DOI: 10.1161/hc0202.103311

Bettermann, H. et al. (2002) Effects of speech therapy with poetry on heart rate rhythmicity and cardiorespiratory coordination. International journal of cardiology, 84(1), pp. 77-88, PMID: 12104068DOI: 10.1016/s0167-5273(02)00137-7

Van Tellingen C, MD, Vder Bie G, MD (eds.) Project: Renewal of Medical Education, Bolk’s Companions for The Study Of Medicine, Respirators System Disorders and Therapy, Louis Bolk Institute, Chapter 6 Therapeutic Considerations

Cysarz, D. et al. (2004) Oscillations of heart rate and respiration synchronize during poetry recitation.American Journal Of Physiology Heart And Circulatory Physiology, 287(2), pp. H579-H587, PMID: 15072959,DOI: 10.1152/ajpheart.01131.2003

Von Bonin, D. et al. (2001) Effects of speech therapy with poetry on heart rate variability and well-being.Forschende Komplementarmedizin, 8(3), pp. 144

Von Bonin, D. et al (2018) Speech-guided breathing retaining in asthma: a randomised controlled crossover try you in real life outpatient settings, PMID: 29941003, PMCID: PMC6019518, DOI: 10.1186/s13063-018-2727-z

Burgess J A, Buddhini E, Lowe J A, Dunt D, Systematic review of the effectiveness of breathing retraining in asthma management


Von, Bonin D, Girke M (2019) Therapeutic Speech for Dyspnea

Wolf M, Von Bonin D and Wolf U (2011) Speech therapy changes blood circulation and oxygenation in the brain and muscle: a near-infrared spectrophotometry study. Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology, 915, pp. 21-25


Wolf U, Scholkmann F, (2011) Changes in Hemodynamics and Tissue Oxygenation Saturation in the Brain and Skeletal Muscle Induced by Speech Therapy – A Near-Infrared Spectroscopy StudyThe Scientific World Journal, DOI:10.1100/tsw.2011.116




Brauer D, Mösch de Carvalho C (04.02.2020) Painting Therapy for Cancer-Related Fatigue

Weiss S (29.04.2020) Music Therapy for Cancer-Related Fatigue

Ziegler-Denjean B (06.03.2020) Therapeutic Speech for Cancer-Related Fatigue

Stenz H, Mösch C, Staguhn J, Hegglin G, Ritter A (12.06.2019) Arts Therapies for Diarrhea

Hegglin G, Mösch de Carvalho C, Ritter A, Staguhn J, Stenz H (08.10.2018) Painting Therapy and Sculpture Therapy for Loss of Appetite, Nausea and Vomiting

Heckel V, Weiss S (08.10.2018) Music Therapy for Loss of Appetite, Nausea and Vomiting

Ziegler-Denjean B (02.11.2018) Therapeutic Speech for Loss of Appetite, Nausea and Vomiting

Stenz H, Mösch C, Staguhn J, Hegglin G, Ritter A, Heckel V, Ziegler-Denjean B (25.06.2019) Arts Therapies for Dry Mouth

 Stenz H, Mösch C, Staguhn J, Hegglin G, Ritter A, Heckel V, Ziegler-Denjean B (18.07.2019) Arts Therapies for Constipation

Ziegler-Denjean B (2020) Therapeutic Speech for Cancer- Related Fatigue

Ziegler-Dejean, B, (2018) Therapeutic Speech for Loss of Appetite, Nausea and Vomiting

Belt-van Zoen E, De Bruin A M, Ponstein A S, Ephraïm M P and Baars E W (2020). First Steps in the Development of an Expertise-Based Anthroposophic Complex Intervention for Oncological

Treatment in Primary Care: A Qualitative Study. Integrative Cancer Therapies, 19, 1534735420969825.


Palliative medicine, Pain (please see also Fear)


Anthroposophic Medicine Journal Publication


This link has all the yearly journal publications in Anthroposophic Medicine for the past 4 years.


Do not go where the path may lead, go instead where there is no path and leave a trail.
(Ralph Waldo Emerson, image by Anna Hubbard, Peer Gynt)

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